Strand 3 : Typology and Dynamics of Linguistic Systems (Leader : Katharina Haude (Sedyl – Inalco), Co-leader: Dmitry Idiatov (Llacan – Inalco)

Strand 3 Presentation (2020-2024)

Strand 3 investigates the diversity of the world’s languages. Most of its members are field linguists with a strong expertise in the description and documentation of lesser-studied languages. The research carried out here focuses on typology (i.e. the study of the universals and differences found in the world’s languages independently from their genealogical relation), as well as the variation in space and time found within and across areally or genealogically close languages. It involves fine-grained cross-linguistic analyses of particular linguistic phenomena as well as the investigation of the long-term and short-term effects of contact between related and unrelated languages.

Many of the projects in Strand 3 build on results of the first phase of the LABEX-EFL, e.g. by using databases that were created there. This empirical basis will be complemented by the creation of new databases designed for quantitative and qualitative analysis, benefiting from the expertise in more than 100 languages and language families.

The originality of Strand 3 lies in its combination of research on the history of linguistics as a discipine; historical linguistics (macro-families reconstruction, long term typological change); contact linguistics; language documentation, and typology, grounded on both qualitative and quantitative approaches (intensive use of databases and electronic corpora to assess theoretical issues). The increasing interoperability between all these resources and the cross-checking of hypotheses in the different approaches will provide innovative scientific perspectives.

Strand 3 investigates the diversity of the world’s languages. Most of its members are field linguists with a strong expertise in the description and documentation of lesser-studied languages. The research carried out here focuses on typology (i.e. the study of the universals and differences found in the world’s languages independently from their genealogical relation), as well as the variation in space and time found within and across areally or genealogically close languages. It involves fine-grained cross-linguistic analyses of particular linguistic phenomena as well as the investigation of the long-term and short-term effects of contact between related and unrelated languages.

Many of the projects in Strand 3 build on results of the first phase of the LABEX-EFL, e.g. by using databases that were created there. This empirical basis will be complemented by the creation of new databases designed for quantitative and qualitative analysis, benefiting from the expertise in more than 100 languages and language families.

The originality of Strand 3 lies in its combination of research on the history of linguistics as a discipine; historical linguistics (macro-families reconstruction, long term typological change); contact linguistics; language documentation, and typology, grounded on both qualitative and quantitative approaches (intensive use of databases and electronic corpora to assess theoretical issues). The increasing interoperability between all these resources and the cross-checking of hypotheses in the different approaches will provide innovative scientific perspectives.

STRAND 3 OPERATIONS (LABEX 2020-2025)

 

  1. GRAMMAR AND LEXICON IN SYNCHRONY AND DIACHRONY (GL)

GL1 Ideophones and interjections in a typological, areal and diachronic perspective
Aimée Lahaussois, Yvonne Treis

GL2 Lexical typology across time and space
Alexandre François, Lameen Souag, Martine Vanhove

GL3 Associated motion and posture
Patrick Caudal, Guillaume Jacques

GL4  Typology of inflectional systems with non-canonical inflection
Enrique L. Palancar, Sebastian Fedden

GL5    Morphosyntax in discourse : Comparing the representation of events and their participants in discourse corpora of typologically diverse languages
Katharina Haude, Tatiana Nikitina

GL6  Text corpora for Mande languages
Valentin Vydrin

GL7  Reconstruction, genealogy, typology and grammatical description in the world’s two biggest phyla: Niger- Congo and Austronesian
Isabelle Bril, Alexandre François, Mark van de Velde

GL8  Extended grammars
Émilie Aussant

  1. VARIATION AND CONTACT (VC)

VC1  Languages, dialects and isoglosses of West Asia
Pollet Samvelian, Anaïd Donabédian

VC2  Central Gallo-Romance : linguistics and ecology of a transitional zone
Nicolas Quint

VC3 Syntactic variation in creole languages
Stefano Manfredi, Nicolas Quint

VC4  Variation and contact between closely related languages
Isabelle Léglise, Stefano Manfredi

VC5  Towards a typology of codeswitching through multifactorial analysis of plurilingual corpora
Isabelle Léglise

Meeting with Martine Vanhove, former leader of Strand 3