Axe 3 : Typologie et dynamique des systèmes linguistiques (responsable : Katharina Haude (SeDyl – Inalco),co-responsable: Dmitry Idiatov (Llacan – Inalco))

Strand 3 investigates the diversity of the world’s languages. Most of its over 60 members are field linguists with a strong expertise in the description and documentation of lesser-studied languages. The research carried out here focuses on typology (i.e. the study of the universals and differences found in the world’s languages indepedently from their genealogical relation), as well as the variation in space an time found within and across areally or genealogically close languages. It involves fine-grained cross-linguistic analyses of particular linguistic phenomena as well as the investigation of the long-term and short-term effects of contact between related and unrelated languages.

Many of the projects in Strand 3 build on results of the first phase of the LABEX-EFL, e.g. by using databases that were created there. This empirical basis will be complemented by the creation of new databases designed for quantitative and qualitative analysis, benefiting from the expertise in more than 100 languages and language families.

The originality of Strand 3 lies in its combination of historical linguistics (macro-families reconstruction, long term typological change), contact linguistics, language documentation and typology, all grounded on both qualitative and quantitative approaches (intensive use of databases and electronic corpora to assess theoretical issues). The increasing interoperability between all these resources and the cross-checking of hypotheses in the different approaches will provide innovative scientific perspectives.


OPERATIONS DE L’AXE 3, LABEX-EFL 2020-2024

 

  1. GRAMMAR AND LEXICON IN SYNCHRONY AND DIACHRONY (GL)

GL_1 Idéophones et interjections dans une perspective typologique, aréale et diachronique
Aimée Lahaussois, Yvonne Treis

GL_2 Lexical typology across time and space
Alexandre François, Lameen Souag, Martine Vanhove

GL_3 Associated motion and posture
Patrick Caudal, Guillaume Jacques

GL_4  Typology of inflectional systems with non-canonical inflection
Enrique L. Palancar, Sebastian Fedden

GL_5    Morphosyntax in discourse : Comparing the representation of events and their participants in discourse corpora of typologically diverse languages
Katharina Haude, Tatiana Nikitina

GL_6  Text corpora for Mande languages
Valentin Vydrin

GL_7  Reconstruction, genealogy, typology and grammatical description in the world’s two biggest phyla: Niger- Congo and Austronesian
Isabelle Bril, Alexandre François, Mark van de Velde

GL_8  Grammaires étendues
Émilie Aussant

  1. VARIATION AND CONTACT (VC)

VC_1  Languages, dialects and isoglosses of West Asia
Pollet Samvelian, Anaïd Donabédian

VC_2  Central Gallo-Romance : linguistics and ecology of a transitional zone
Nicolas Quint

VC_3 Syntactic variation in creole languages
Stefano Manfredi, Nicolas Quint

VC_4  Variation and contact between closely related languages
Isabelle Léglise, Stefano Manfredi

VC_5  Towards a typology of codeswitching through multifactorial analysis of plurilingual corpora
Isabelle Léglise

      Entretien avec Martine Vanhove, ancienne responsable de l’axe 3