Leader : Emilie Aussant

The history of language description can be seen as a major, more or less successful, undertaking of adaptation of linguistic tools initially shaped to describe or represent a (very) small amount of languages: of the many thousands of languages known in the world, only a few have produced linguistic tools which describe the language in which they are composed); this is the case for Arabic, Chinese, Greek and Sanskrit. Spearheaded by S. Auroux, a number of works have been carried out on the transfer of the Latin grammatical model onto European vernaculars and « exotic » languages–a phenomenon called « Extended Latin Grammar » by Auroux. It is now appropriate 1) to document widely the other cases of « extended grammars »; 2) to test the commensurability of these different transfer phenomena; 3) to investigate carefully the linguistic terminology in order to reconstruct its long and complex history.