University of Delaware (USA) – Premier séminaire le 16 juin 2016
Professor Irene Vogel from University of Delaware (USA) is our next invited professor in the frame of the EFL International Chair 2016.
You will find hereafter the detail of her lectures starting in June 2016 :
Properties of Prosodic Prominence and Contrast – cross-linguistic and typological perspectives
Venue / Lieu : Institut Plurisdisciplinaire des Saints Pères – 45, rue des Saints Pères – 75270 Paris cedex 06 – Salle R229
Lecture 1: Challenges of the cross-linguistic study of prosody – date : Thursday 16th June 2016 / 16h-18h
Determining how to study prosody is a challenge in itself, and when the goal is cross-linguistic comparison, the challenges quickly multiply. We consider a range of issues that introduce noise into the data or otherwise complicate the study of prosody across languages, including the obvious (use of different methodologies), to less obvious issues of various types of confounds, measurement difficulties, individual variation, production vs. perception. Recent approaches to cross-linguistic comparison that address the problems in different ways are introduced, focusing on, but not limited to, the acoustic studies of the University of Delaware Stress Lab and the primarily perception-based ToBI type of analysis.
Lecture 2: Acoustic properties of prosodic prominence and contrast accross languages – date : Thursday 23rd June 2016 / 16h-18h
The methodology used in Stress Research Lab for data collection and analysis is discussed in more detail, and the main findings to date (10 languages) are presented. We examine several cross-linguistic issues that can be addressed with the data including the interaction between properties of lexical contrast and prosody (especially duration and tone), the manifestation of focus (enhancement and other), predictable vs. unpredictable stress and quantity-sensitive vs. quantity-insensitive stress.
Lecture 3: Prosodic typologies - date : Tuesday 28th June 2016 / 16h-18h
Several recent typological approaches to word and sentence prosodic phenomena are discussed and their goals and findings are assessed. We also consider how the data from the Stress Research Lab may contribute to the discussion of typologies. The main focus will be on Hyman’s recent approach to typology (“How not to do phonological typology”), ToBI across languages, and Rhythm (stress vs. syllable timing). We will also consider how languages without stress and tone may also be included in prosodic typologies.
Lecture 4: Some extensions and remaining issues- date : Thursday 7th July 2016 / 16h-18h
The broader implications of the findings and their interfaces with other aspects of language will be considered. These will include the relevance of typological patterns for historical change (e.g. loss of stress, tonogenesis), perception (e.g. “stress deafness” ) and other grammatical interfaces (e.g. prosody and word order). We will conclude with summary of outstanding questions, desiderata for additional data collection and analysis.